Hollywood Divas #01
Norma Jean Mortenson a.k.a Marilyn Monroe, (Los Angeles, June 1, 1926 – Los Angeles, August 5, 1962) was one of the most famous American actresses.
It is one of the most famous movie stars of all time, a symbol of sensuality and an icon of popularity on twentieth century.
The birth name of Marilyn Monroe was Norma Jean Mortenson. She was born in County Hospital in Los Angeles. She never knew her biological father, a fact that made her very upset. Many biographers believe that the biological father was Charles Stanley Gifford Marilyn, a sales agent RKO studio, where Gladys Pearl Monroe, Marilyn’s mother worked. She was editor of films, but serious psychological problems prevented her from staying on the job and she was admitted to a hospice. The birth certificate says Martin Edward Mortenson, husband of Gladys, who is the biological father of Marilyn, but he only registered the girl as his daughter, since when he met Marilyn’s mother she was already pregnant. She just received the surname of his stepfather in his name. In an interview with television channel Lifetime, James Dougherty, the first husband of Marilyn, said she believed that Gifford was her father, as she once investigated and saw that her mother only had one boyfriend before meet her stepfather who was called Gifford.
Norma Jean spent much of his childhood in orphanages and homes of relatives until, in 1937, moved to the house of Grace McKee Goddard, a family friend. In 1942, Grace’s husband was transferred to work for the east coast and the couple could not afford to take Norma Jean, who was then sixteen. Norma Jean had two options: Back to the orphanage or get married with her boyfriend.
On July 19, 1942 she married Jimmy Dougherty, 21, who was dating for six months. According to Jimmy, she was a sweet, generous and religious and liked to be hugged. Until then, Norma Jean loved Jimmy, and they were happy together until he joined the Navy and was transferred to the South Pacific, em1944.
After Jimmy left, Norma Jean started working at Radio Plane Munitions factory in Burbank, California. Some months later, photographer David Conover saw her while taking pictures of women who helped in the war effort for Yank magazine. He could not believe his luck because she was a “dream” for any photographer. Norma Jean posed for a photo shoot and he began to send proposals to work as a model. The camera loved Norma Jean, and in two years she has become a reputable model and splashed his face on several magazine covers. She began studying the work of legendary actresses Jean Harlow and Lana Turner, and enrolled in acting classes, dreaming of stardom. However, her husband Jimmy returned in 1946, which meant that Norma Jean had to make another choice, this time between her marriage and her career.
Norma Jean and Jimmy divorced in June 1946 because he would not allow her to become an actress. Norma signed his divorce even before signing his first contract in life, this time it was officially hired by Twentieth Century Fox on August 26, 1946, at a salary of $ 125 a week. Shortly after, dyed her hair blonde and changed her name clearest artistically to Marilyn Monroe, Monroe was the surname of his maternal grandmother Marilyn and the name of the chicest season.
Marilyn began her career in a few short films, but his skill for comedy, its sensuality and its presence at events led her to win roles in blockbuster movies, making it one of the most popular movie stars of the decade 1950. She was 1.67 meters tall, 94 inches bust, 61 inch waist and 89 inch hips. Despite her stunning beauty, her curves and pouty lips, Marilyn was more than a sex symbol of the 50s. Her apparent vulnerability and innocence, along with her innate sensuality, become beloved worldwide. While it was a fragile and innocent girl, was a dominant woman and irresistibly seductive.
The first role of Marilyn film was not credited with an interest in The Shocking Miss Pilgrim , by George Seaton. She made a quick scene with Groucho Marx in Love Happy, David Miller. That same year landed a small but influential role in the suspense of John Huston, The Asphalt Jungle, and the role of Claudia Caswell in All About Eve , starring Bette Davis and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and received many compliments. Thereafter, in films like The Young As You Feel, Harmon Jones, Monkey Business, Howard Hawks and Do not Bother to Knock, Roy Baker. However, it was his performance in Niagara, Henry Hathaway, who became the star. Marilyn played the role of Rose Loomis, a beautiful young wife who plots to kill her older, jealous husband, Joseph Cotten character.
Marilyn’s success in Niagara earned her, in the same year, the lead roles in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes , Howard Hawks, which saw the participation of Jane Russell, and How to Marry a Millionaire,of Jean Negulesco , featuring Lauren Bacall and Betty Grable. Photoplay magazine voted Marilyn beginner as best actress of 1953 and, at 27 years old, she was undoubtedly the most beloved Hollywood blonde.
On January 14, 1954, Marilyn married her boyfriend, baseball player Joe DiMaggio in San Francisco, California. They were dating two years ago when Joe asked his agent to arrange a meeting for both supper and proposed. “I do not know if I’m in love with him yet,” Marilyn said to the press early in their relationship, “but I know I like him more than any man I ever met.” During their honeymoon in Tokyo, Marilyn did a performance for military personnel who served in Korea. Their presence caused almost a riot, and Joe showed up clearly uncomfortable with those thousands of men wishing his wife. She was very coveted, her beauty drew attention and this caused quarrels and jealousies and all the men with whom they related.
Unfortunately, Marilyn’s fame and sexual figure becomes a problem in her marriage. Nine months later, on October 27, 1954, Marilyn and Joe divorced. They attributed the split to “conflicts between careers,” and remained good friends.
In 1955 Marilyn was ready to get rid of the image of blonde hurricane. This had given her stardom, but now had the opportunity and experience, Marilyn wanted to pursue serious about acting career, wanted to experience new sensations and could show that it was more than a woman who fanned the sexual imagery of men. She moved from Hollywood to New York to study at the acting school of Lee Strasberg. In 1956, Marilyn started her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions. The company produced the films Bus Stop , Joshua Logan and The Prince and the Showgirl, directed by and co-starring Olivier SirLaurence. These two films allowed her to demonstrate her talent and versatility as an actress. In 1959, Marilyn shone in Some Like It Hot, Billy Wilder, and his work was recognized by winning the Golden Globe for “Best Actress in a Comedy” .
On June 29, 1956 Marilyn married her new boyfriend, the playwright Arthur Miller. The couple met through Lee Strasberg, and friends reported she made him “weak-kneed”. While they were married, in 1961, Arthur wrote the part of Roslyn Taber in The Misfits, especially for Marilyn. Directed by John Huston and co-starring Clark Gable and Montgomery Clift, this ended up being the last movie Marilyn and full of farewell screens Gable.
Unfortunately, the third marriage ended Marilyn, this time on 20 January 1961. The date of the divorce, which took place in Mexico, was chosen because it is the day of the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, in the United States in an attempt to maintain the separation out of the headlines. The tactic did not work and once again the life of Marilyn was the target of gossip, scandals, covers of newspapers and magazines around the world.
Marylin was already a lover of Kennedy long before he enters the White House. Kennedy had become obsessed with her during her recovery from an operation on the spine that left him immobilized. His brother Bobby hung, upside down, where a poster Marilyn wore a very sexy blouse, short shorts and her legs were wide-open in front of your bedroom bed and that made Kennedy become wildly attracted to her.
The affair between them started after her divorce from Joe di Maggio and continued while she was married to Arthur Miller. They were in his suite at the Carlyle Hotel in New York, or at the beach house of Peter Lawford, in Santa Monica. The FBI bugged the Lawford’s beach house and John Edgar Hoover, the FBI chief, used the recordings to maintain his position when Kennedy tried to fire him. Hoover also hinted that someone else had bugged the house – the Mafia, with which Kennedy had crossed during elections.
Robert Kennedy, the younger brother of the president, sometimes women was related to John. Hoover was the head, and as federal prosecutor, was determined to wipe out the Mafia. The President was warned to leave Marilyn, because mafia bosses could use the case against him, as it would be a scandal if the media knew he had an affair outside marriage.
Despite his delusions, Marilyn knew that Kennedy only wanted the shining star film, not the woman she was. He wanted to get rid of her gracefully before it would harm his relationship with powerful politics. Marylin, then decided to give a great gift to Kennedy, giving him one last moment of glory: On his birthday, Peter Lawford took him to the headquarters of the Democratic Party, where she sang with lusty voice, “Happy birthday, Mr. President.” She had a beautiful dress that the diplomat Adlai Stevenson described as made of “skin and beads. Except that I did not see the pearls.”
John Kennedy said: “Since I can withdraw from politics after having heard this sung happy birthday to me so sweet and so charming.”
At the Golden Globe awards 1962 Marilyn was named “favorite female character of all world cinema.”
On the morning of August 5, 1962, at age 36, Marilyn died in her sleep at her home in Brentwood, California. The news was a shock, propagated by the media, particularly exploring the mysterious character that the fact occurred, whichever the official version of overdose by ingesting barbiturates. The brilliance and beauty of Marilyn made it seem impossible that she had left all. Nobody knows what really happened that night. There was the sound of a helicopter. An ambulance was seen waiting outside her house before the maid of the alarm. The recordings of your phone calls and other evidence disappeared. The autopsy report was lost. All documentation from the FBI about his death was suppressed and friends of Marilyn who tried to investigate what happened received death threats. On August 8, 1962, the body of Marilyn was veiled in the Corridor of Memories, # 24 , at Westwood Memorial Park in Los Angeles.